Testing measures impact of toolholder interface rigidity


Big-Plus and HSK are superficially similar in some ways […]

Big-Plus and HSK are superficially similar in some ways. Both CNC Tool Holder Pull Stud of these machining center spindle-and-toolholder interface systems aim to provide a more stable connection than the typical machining center system employing standard conical toolholders. And both of these systems are roughly equal in price when it comes to purchasing a set of toolholders for a machine. But Cory Cetkovic, applications engineer for Big Kaiser Precision Tool, says the two interface systems actually differ fundamentally in their method of clamping the holder.

That difference has important implications.The Big-Plus system involves elastic deformation of the spindle connection, he says. During clamping, that deformation results in axial displacement of the toolholder into the spindle. Prior to clamping, the toolholder makes only taper contact within the spindle, but after clamping of the retention system, the spindle expands within an elastic limit until the toolholder achieves the second area of contact—contact at the spindle face—that is the defining feature of the Big-Plus system.In large part because of this very different clamping, these two systems are not equivalent, says Mr. Cetkovic.

Big Kaiser supplies hardware for both, including Big-Plus tooling manufactured by Big Daishowa Seiki, the originator of the concept, and HSK toolholders that are hard milled, hard turned and ground after heat treatment for precision, surpassing that of commodity holders. Thus, the company often advises shops considering new machine tools on which toolholder interface to select. The choice depends on the application, he says. It also depends partly on the wishes of the user.For example, the notion that a set of toolholders for either system is roughly equal in price, while outwardly true, masks a source of savings with Big-Plus that might be important to a given shop.

Big-Plus is the system that adds spindle face contact for heightened rigidity to a toolholder interface that otherwise uses the same 7:24 cone of CAT and BT tapers. As a result, standard CAT and BT holders can be used in a Big-Plus machining center, and Big-Plus holders can be used in standard machines. Though the face contact is not realized in either of these cases, a given shop might prefer the Big-Plus system’s freedom to use existing, standard holders in cuts for which the rigidity doesn’t matter.